Modal Auxiliary

Modal Auxiliary

Capital Auxiliaries are auxiliary verbs like will, might, can, could, should, will, be used for, should be used in conjunction with main verbs to express shades of time and mood. The combination of helping verbs with main verbs to create what is called a verb or verb phrase string.Kata this type of work is a helping verb verbs (verb) express several meanings such as OBLIGATIONS, THE POSSIBILITY OF, LICENSE, PERFORMANCE (something which is mandatory)

What is Capital Auxiliary Verb?

verbs include cans, Could, may, Might, will, Would, Marshall (typically in British English), Should, must, and ought to so-called ‘capital of the auxiliary verb’ (auxiliary verb of capital). They are used before the infinitive or any other verb, and adding a specific meaning. Need, dare, and Had better sometimes also be used as auxiliary verb capital.

Pattern of Auxiliary capital

* ( ? ) MODAL + S + V1

  • Can she do the test?
  • Will we go to the hospital?

* ( + ) S + MODAL + V1

  • She can do the test.
  • We will go to the hospital

* ( – ) S + MODAL NOT + V1

  • She can’t do the test.
  • We will not go to the hospital.

* ( ? ) MODAL + S + V1

  • Can she do the test?
  • Will we go to the hospital?

For Example
1. Will

a. Expressing a certainty (Mengungkapkan kepastian)
Contoh : We will come to her party. I promise.

b. Expressing a Willingness (Mengungkapkan Keinginan)
Contoh : There’s a knock on the door. I will open it.

c. Expressing a request (Mengungkapkan permintaan)
Contoh : Will you help me?

2. Must
a. Expressing a necessity (Mengungkapkan keharusan)
Contoh :

1. You must do everything I say.

2. You must go now. (Anda harus pergi sekarang!)

3. I must do my homework soon. (Saya harus segera mengerjakan peker aan rumahku).

4. She must study hard. (Dia harus belajar keras).

b. Expressing a Prohibition (Mengungkapkan larangan)
Contoh :

1. You must not break the school rules.

2. You must not smoke in the class. (Anda dilarang merokok di dalam kelas).

3. Susan mustn’t go there alone. (Susan tidak boleh (dilarang) pergi ke sana sendirian).

c. Expressing a Certainty (Mengukapkan kepastian)
Contoh : John must be upset. He failed in the final test.

  1. You must (have to) read this book. (Anda harus membaca buku ini).
  2. She must (has to) go to school today. (Dia harus ke sekolah hari ini).
  3. They must (or have to) work hard. (Mereka harus bekerja keras).

3. Should
a. Expressing an advisability (Mengungkapkan saran)
Contoh : We should do something now.

b. Expressing a Future Certainty (Mengukapkan kepastian di masa depan)
Contoh : They should be there tomorrow.

Past form of Should

  1. When he come to my house I should go.
  2. I should visit to your house before you came to my house.

4. Can

a. Expressing an Ability (Mengungkapkan Kemampuan)
Contoh :

1. Can you spin a top?

2. She can sing beautifully.

3. 1 can speak English.

b. Expressing a Possibility (Mengungkapkan Kemungkinan)
Contoh : He can be in the class now.

c. Expressing a Permission (Mengungkapkan ijin)
Contoh : You can leave me no.

























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